The City has turned progressively and probably from the Industrial Revolution, in a luck of great predator on the way. His paper as revitalizing agent of the economic and cultural activity of the world, the progress, has formed conurbations of consumption, mega-structures disconnected of the cycles of the nature, the energy or the resources. The Generic City weighs too much for the World: superficial, desestructurada, hyperdense, polucionada, “supremamente inorganic”1, the impermeable city in which the imaginary one of one out native diminishes to the bucolic artificial one of the lakes in the golf course, or the industrial snow pulverized on the track of ski.
There has come the moment to compromise with the Nature:
“Every epoch dreams of the following one”.2
For Le Corbusier the city hygienist was representing the real House of the Man, understood always from an approximation and of recovery of the essential pleasures, that is to say the Sun, the air, the water, the vegetation, the landscape:
“It is necessary to reconquer the horizons. It is necessary to return to plant trees”.3
Fernando Higueras was giving one more step on having turned some of his projects in edenes lived by plants and animals:
“What sorrow to praise a new type of cover because not even an alone bird has managed to nest in her; here sparrows, blackbirds, hoopoes: a nest for joist. Bats also. Instead of northern meadow so adapted in the Castilian plateau, the forest of hawthorns, absurdity yesterday for the technical landscape painters, today I shelter for several families of protective cats”.4
Failed the new Utopian socialist cities in Europe and later in North America, so much since we sense beforehand the fatal destination of the new and self-sufficient smart city, the present offers us the possibility of rethinking the existing city from his environmental, biological activation or ecosistémica. To the margin of speeches primitivistas arisen from an adulterated pastoral image of the nature, the contemporary city needs the urgent recovery of the Utopia; the reinvention of a new theory of the urban thing from the putting in value, also, of I it do not humanize; the city like a landscape capable of re-composing the fragile beauty of the world. The beauty of The City as Habitat .5
Miguel Ángel Díaz Camacho. PhD Architect
Madrid. February 2015.
Author of the Parráfos de arquitectura. #arquiParrafos
1 Rem Koolhaas, La Ciudad Genérica, Barcelona, Gustavo Gili, 2008. Published originally in Domus, 791, March, 1997, with the title “The Generic City”. Jose Fariña’s article is recommended “Dismantling the Generic City“.
2 Walter Benjamin, El libro de los Pasajes, Madrid, Akal, 2004.
3 Le Corbusier, La Casa del Hombre, Barcelona, Apóstrofe, 1999.
4 Fernando Higueras. Curiculum Vitae completo (1954-1984). Escritos sobre FH. Published: Fernando Higueras. Madrid, 1985.
5 The Association Sustainability and Architecture – ASA – and ROCA organize a series of meetings under the title, La The City as Habitat, Serve this brief introduction as advertisement and stimulus of the same ones.
Doctor en Arquitectura, Decano de la Facultad de Tecnología y Ciencia UCJC. Presidente de la Asociación Sostenibilidad y Arquitectura, perteneciente al Consejo Superior de los Colegios de Arquitectos de España. Director de MADC Arquitectos, estudio profesional con premios en concursos nacionales e internacionales, en la actualidad desarrolla proyectos en España y Noruega. Escritor y crítico de arquitectura, es autor de los libros “Párrafos de Arquitectura. Core(oh)grafías” (2016) y “Arquitectura y Cambio Climático” (2018).