Unfulfilled promises and dark transparencies | José Ramón Hernández Correa


A few weeks ago a nice anonymous reader left a comment at an entry “The modern concept of architectural space”. The comment was so brief that I copy complete:

“very interesting! And the continuation?”

What continuation? I did not have conscience of which there had to be no continuation. I reread that old woman entered (of December, seven of two thousand eleven) and saw two terrible things.

The first one, with horror and shame:

Really, it had promised (if it was raising positions in the ranking) to continue it with other one in the one that would develop the concepts of literal space and I spread fenomenológico and, as vulgar politician, it had broken absolutely and completely my promise (because I raised positions, which then I lowered fully, surely for liar).

I saw the second one with astonishment and disorientation:

What noses are the literal space and the space fenomenológico? About what would I be thinking when I wrote it? I do not have the minor idea. I had been lucky of inspiration(provoked probably by the ingestion behaved in an outrageous way of etilic alcohol or for the reading – not less behaved in an outrageous way – of some cucumber on critique and theory of the architecture) and it was necessary to to me to have happened a little in this moment, probably even interesting. But, lamentably, do not be what could be.

What yes I know it is that if fenomenológico was facing the literal thing to I had to do necessarily in the light of Colin Rowe´s famous article (and Robert Slutzky, that always graduate forgets to all) in Castilian “Transparency: literal and phenomenal”, of the book of articles Manierism and modern architecture and other tests.

(In my opinion, this translation of phenomenal for phenomenal is slightly lucky. It does laugh to me. It is as if he was reading “Transparency: literal and marvellous”. Because of it, I prefer saying “phenomenologic”).

Summarizing very much that article, a clear example of the literal transparency is the building of the Bauhaus, in Dessau, of Walter Gropius,

Building of the Bauhaus, in Dessau, of Walter Gropius | arquitectamoslocos.blogspot.com.es

and a clear example of transparency fenomenológica is the Villa Stein, in Garches, of Le Corbusier.

 

 

Bauhaus, in Dessau, de Walter Gropius | arquitectamoslocos.blogspot.com.es

y un claro ejemplo de transparencia fenomenológica es la Villa Stein, en Garches, de Le Corbusier.

Villa Stein-de-Monzie, Les Terrasses, Garches (Vaucresson), France, 1926
Villa Stein-de-Monzie, Les Terrasses, Garches (Vaucresson), France, 1926

Nevertheless, in the moment in which we live it we put (what egoists) as center and reference of everything, and this space bows virtually towards us, and lives, and becomes dynamic because we are moving and he is adapting to our step and to our change of perspective, and though we do not move we are learning it and apprehending in the time and with the time. (As in the transparency fenomenológica, the relations of the space become variable and unexpected, and they are formed and modify on the march).

On the contrary, the transparency fenomenológica is not the direct one of the material that stops to spend the light and the images, but, let’s say, the transparency of the relations, of the acts, of the organizations. It is, therefore, darker, more contradictory.

The “not “royal” transparency but yes “effective” of the Le Corbusier´s house takes place for the diverse exterior and interior diaphragms. The front, tense front as a linen, with his three projections, and the back, with the emptiness of the terrace, the bib of the exterior stairs, etc, they produce a complexity of caps, of clumps and emptinesses, which suggest a certain sequence of the space; but in the interior the partitions bow unexpectedly and produce new relations of depth and interaction between those virtual caps of transparency.

Villa Stein-de-Monzie, Les Terrasses, Garches (Vaucresson), France, 1926
Villa Stein-de-Monzie, Les Terrasses, Garches (Vaucresson), France, 1926

“Sequence of the space”. “Virtual caps of transparency”. So yes that I am marvellous today. I do not like the palabrerío and I do not want to continue skating semantics and lexically between slippery concepts. Dejémoslo there.

Beside speaking about this transparency of vertical planes, we might speak also about that of the horizontal ones.

Let’s make something so easy as to draw the successive plants in grease-proof paper (it is a joke, the grease-proof paper does not exist) and super let’s put .

The Le Corbusier´s house we surprise with spatial unforeseen distributions, and in nothing coincidental. Pero la Bauhaus, much more tidy and in this more predictable sense, also certain sample wealth of games in these horizontal transparencies with the alone fact of constructing one of the wings of connection only in ground and different floor only in high plant.

Gropius, Bauhaus Dessau
Gropius, Bauhaus Dessau

It costs: I have gone to the source wherefrom I took the concepts “literally” and “phenomenological” to face them, but I continue without knowing what I wanted to say with these concepts applied to the space.

I see that in that old woman entered already he was saying it of some form, and now I will repeat it with other words:

I understand that the ” literal space ” would come to be the fact that it is given us, or the one that is constructed and defined. That is to say, the space of the points x, and, z, the geometric, Euclidean, external space to us. It is the space before our stay in him. I would say that it is the space without people, the orphan space of us. The dead space. The constant and understandable space rationally.

Nevertheless, in the moment in which we live it we put (what egoists) as center and reference of everything, and this space bows virtually towards us, and lives, and becomes dynamic because we are moving and he is adapting to our step and to our change of perspective, and though we do not move we are learning it and apprehending in the time and with the time. (As in the transparency fenomenológica, the relations of the space become variable and unexpected, and they are formed and modify on the march).

And, if there is no the only inhabitant of this space, but several, this one multiplies for each one, craves in drafts and contortions to satisfy the experience of each and every of his inhabitants, and to create the spatial relations between some and others and between each one and everything. That is to say, it is a space that answers to the phenomena that happen in him: a space phenomenological.

We can say that the literal space is the space that is, whereas the space fenomenológico is the space that happens.

Certainly that this spends with any space, with any building of any epoch. But, following the line of that entry, I would say that if any building of the past, from a Romanesque cathedral to a Renaissance palace, is still and dead until we re-live through it with our presence, the modern space, from the baroque, already one is stillly not even dead man, hoping that we revive it, but it bows in yes same. (This be understood since it is wanted. Let’s say that his parts have more opened and changeable, “more “alive” relations).

I do not know very well what I wanted to say then what I try to say now. Cost, as provisional chop to approve for the hair the examination of the modern spaciality, that the modern architecture is (it must be) an architecture of relations not organized into a hierarchy rigidly, but organized concerning the own experience of the space. (Why I will get into these messes).

José Ramón Hernández Correa
PhD Architect and author of Arquitectamos locos?
Toledo · may 2013

Notes: Dedicated to the reader Anónimo who did the comment that I say, and for extension to all the anonymous readers of my blog. (I am grateful to them very much for all, and very specially to those who do some comment).

José Ramón Hernández Correa
Nací en 1960. Arquitecto por la ETSAM, 1985. Doctor Arquitecto por la Universidad Politécnica, 1992. Soy, en el buen sentido de la palabra, bueno. Ahora estoy algo cansado, pero sigo atento y curioso.
follow me

Filed under: articles, José Ramón Hernández Correa

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,