When Johanes Jacobus Pieter Oud is nominated an architect of the city of Rotterdam in first 1918, one of his aims it was to plan an important quantity of urban interventions, promoting the construction of numerous neighborhoods with the aim to relieve the deficit of housings. The first intervention of the urban development plan that public does is the design of housings in the Sprangen neighborhood, which it carries out some months later. Later, in 1920, it begins the development of a project of urban intervention for the Oud-Mathenesse neighborhood, which was including a neighborhood of provisional housings of only 25 years of duration.
The set was forming a part of the plan of growth foreseen for Rotterdam and for such an end a triangular plot was granted in a slightly attractive zone to the west of the city. It was composed by 343 housings, 8 trades and an administrative building and his materialization granted a major public recognition to Oud. The neighborhood was inaugurated in 1923 and demolished in 1989, overcoming the forecast of useful life for 41 years
As part of the program of works, Oud designs the office for the director of the emprendimiento, a small temporary construction, which exhibits fullly the driving spirit of the group De Stijl. Oud put special emphasis in the design of the office, knowing that it was the propitious opportunity to experience the beginning neoplásticos. In spite of having drifted apart of Van Doesburg and of leaving the group in 1921, this work and later Café De Unie of 1925, is imbued with the spirit of the group. Oud experienced a three-dimensional exercise where it applies the palette of colors that Bart Van der Leck impropuso in the group and Piet Mondrian adopted like representative of the neoplasticismo.
The construction of the office was realized entirely in wood. It is composed by three volumes: one bucket of red color and similar other one of blue color, intercepted by a volume more stylized of yellow color. The yellow volume contains the door of access, and on her Oud I record in vertical sense the word the director, with the typography used in the front page of Stijl’s magazine. In the interior, the wood appears in natural, varnished form. The blue bucket contains a room, kitchen and bath and the red bucket is a great space without divisions. Inaugurated the works in 1923, the office of the director I remain unoccupied. Time later it was intrusaded and finally left on the second world war having begun, to end inflamed by an action vandálica in 1944.
The interest to preserve the inheritance of the group Of Stijl mobilized to organisms of government and organizations deprived to recovering the major quantity of possible works. In 1974 the Schröder house was restored and happened to form a part of the Centraal Museum Utrech. In 1986 there was reconstructed the building of Unie’s Coffee under the direction of the architect Carel Weeber. Finally in 1992 I reconstruct the house of the director according to the original planes, under the architect’s direction Wytze Patijn:
El interés por preservar la herencia del grupo De Stijl movilizó a organismos de gobierno y organizaciones privadas a recuperar la mayor cantidad de obras posibles. En 1974 la casa Schröder fue restaurada y pasó formar parte del Centraal Museum Utrech. En 1986 se reconstruyó el edificio del Café De Unie bajo la dirección del arquitecto Carel Weeber. Finalmente en 1992 se reconstruyo la casa del Ddirector según los planos originales, bajo la dirección de arquitecto Wytze Patijn:
“The refreshing spirit of an epoch and the traditional forms form the direction of his art. It is as well as the trend of the development arquitectural offers itself again, but that by all appearances overcomes it in much. It is an architecture that expands freely to full light, with a purity of proportions, with an explosion of colors and an organic clarity of the form.”
J.J.P.Oud, Merz Magazine nº 8/9, 1924, april.
Marcelo Gardinetti. Architect
La Plata, Argentina. September 2015