Comparing it what it represents, little it is necessary to say technically on “Le Vele” of Scampia. They were constructed between 1962 and 1975 by the architect Francesco Di Salvo, who died in 1977 and Le Corbusier followed in his construction some of the guidelines. Le Vele they are 4 buildings of big dimensions arranged in his front with terraces and it consists approximately of 300 housings for every block.
It is one of the most prominent political mistakes of European urbanism that has been committed in the construction. This mistake, it has been the raising of the gigantic group of buildings, previously named “Le Vele”, buildings located in Naples, inside the neighborhood of the Scampia. Colloquial, they are called The Candles by his similarity by a sailboat when the building heap is seen from the distance. As everything what one sees of far, only one sees and other such details as the smells are not perceived (in this case the stench) until you are not nearby, the shades, turbidity of the soil and the calmness in the air they denote horror, there is perceived the lowest of the human being.
The mistakes of urbanism like this one shelter the evil. Buildings that are hotels with suites of luxury for the residues most disoriented, assigned to faults of the underworld that precisely there do not exist, are only the depositions of the politics and “The System” (this way it is autonamed La Camorra) newly, it is like a cemetery of elephants; the chosen one to spill before the death what is going to be isolated.
This way they perceived it Omar Jerez and Julia Martínez, two polemic Spanish artists of path carries to extremes that they expose his physical integrity with every performance that they execute, bordering on the death literally.
Shamming that were architects and thanks to the mediation of a resident citizen (being this the link of union between the artists and La Camorra) that it supported conversations to report on the motive of the visit and to be able like that to request a permission express to authorize them to realize the documentation for the “supposed book of architecture”. The entry to accede to Scampia is vetada to journalists or anyone that seeks to interfere in his business with the intention of documenting the criminal area of the ancestors of the mafia.
They went to demonstrate that the mafia more pirate and ancient, with his clashes between clans, bush for a lot of time and that everything was born more for time the location of his architectural current dumps; of hatred, death and domain illegally supported by his population and in constant silent boiling, which projects his own law. For it, these buildings that generate so many passion in the group of the architecture, remain relegated to the mystery and to the humid shades of nothing, it is the major horror that can be perceived, a species of death in life or living death. We might name it as building Zombi, a concept that is generated almost by definition in yes same, without need of literary intervention.
My curiosity was so big on having read the Roberto Saviano’s most famous novel “Gomorra” that I looked in digital newspaper libraries for someone who knew the topic or had been there, and say with Omar and Julia, that precisely, they went to show all the remote truth of tecnicismos. And it is true … I lost completely my interest for the architectural side when I spoke with them. It changed radically my possibility of development of meticulous concept towards the construction, aesthetics and usefulness, and it is obvious why.
One of the most prominent reviews on the history of The Dispute, which probably more fascinated me was that there same were telling them some of his inhabitants that the genesis from this one derived in certain magnitude towards Spain and they assure that it departs members’ from the Italian Camorra they were bandits of the Spanish saw fled that established themselves in the italic peninsula developing his criminal activity in Naples, and that it was possible to confirm even with some surnames.
It wrapped of such a way this putting in so enigmatic scene, which I thought that it was not a building in yes, but something I live that it protects to the company what is destined to contagious eliminate. Already enough they have in Naples with the Dispute and his pressures in order that in addition the terminal thing is in his streets. Omar and Julia went to denounce, preparing a false so called newspaper “Il Corriere della Camorra” as if it was a publishing house of the system in the Garibaldi square, place met in Naples, 6000 newspapers of 6000 murdered ones for the Dispute. They did not manage to distribute 2500, the Dispute appeared and they had to paralyze at once the performance, risking his lives and to assume that the denunciation once again has been defeated to make up a blight that does not seem to be endangered.
The problem is that by all appearances it is a ghetto of the filthiest waste of La Camorra, his inhabitants do not want it there, and on the other hand, it is already a part of the history like it it was Gomorrah in the bible; everything forms a part of but that has not been infected, but it is a part of his territory ado. It is an access of pus in a haggard body. His inhabitants think that if the building was disappearing, it would eliminate the area of his misfortune and this way progressively Naples might be a city and not a jail of innocent.
Observing other buildings, we might say that the wars destroy them, the historical changes do it in general, but here, like in the Bible, it would be unfortunately, that to destroy the evil that is accumulated in this building, this evil that protects and prolongs it in the time reverberating in the whole city.
How to remove to the ghosts, demons and beasts to demolish similar structure?
José Goñi, Architecture student
Nápoles. February 2016