Housing in Calle Roma Street. Teodoro Cron | Aldo G. Facho Dede

Housing in Roma Street. Teodoro Cron. Lima, Perú, 1950

Much does that I check this building. When student us was presented as a project modern whose link with the place was in the reintepretation of the forms and climatic colonial technologies, highlighting it as one of the examples in which the modern local architecture was nourished of his predecessors. If we remain with this first reflection, product of a formal analysis from a postmodern boarding (I studied the career in the beginnings of the nineties, being my teachers in the main formed in the ends of the seventies and beginnings of the eighties), we might not be mistaken, but we would be classifying a project in a very useful stereotype then to try to postulate an architecture that tries to characterize the modernity with local features. The reflection that later I share search to analyze it out of these stereotypes and to look for his virtues proyectuales from a modern reading.

SAlways it was called me the attention as one of the modern architects with a major level of reflection in his work on the place was of Swiss origin. Teodoro Cron belonged to that generation of European architects who after the war sought to develop his trade in American soil. For what I never have known it wanted to relate to the teaching nor to take any type of leading role in the local scene, the little that we know of him is thanks to the projects that it built in Lima and to the study realized by the Architect Hugo Romero as professional thesis. Speculating a bit, I put to think that probably this foreign being was what stimulated to check the local architecture in search of technological and aesthetic solutions that they were helping him manage to insert on the market.

Housing in Roma Street. Teodoro Cron. Lima, Perú, 1950

The multifamiliar building in street Rome is a project interesting and emphasized in the set of his work. The housings – studies that he proposes are played more wide spaces where the social thing and the intimate thing coexist in fluid and generous spaces. Supporting the own distances of the scale and place, Le Corbuisier takes the guideline of the housings of the Units of Room of Him, locating the zone of services annexes to the revenue and integrating spatially dining room being with the bedroom – study. A great large window serves to illuminate the double height, protected with a lattice of wood that many have interpreted as a wink to the viceregal of Lima architecture. The distribution is similar in both fronts, with the difference that those who give to the street add a bedroom and independent bath that is located on the duplexes that give to the interior front.

In the plants that I have re-drawn they can analyze with more the distribution details, always with the exception that for it I have used of the drawings published in the magazine The Peruvian Architect and not of relieved documentation in-situ. The stairs of access is a personal interpretation of the little that I could decipher of these schemes, if someone of our readers has more precise information he would be grateful for him he was sharing it.

Housing in Roma Street. Teodoro Cron. Lima, Perú, 1950

Where there is an interesting offer it is in the managing of the volumes of the project. Cron decides to work the duplexes as opaque boxes that are supported towards the front in a few props of brick of trapezoidal reversed form. It sharpens the heaviness and density of this volume moving back that of access and it working with a light and transparent carpentry. It uses a few small windows that the big vain ones of lattice accompany and dramatize the thickness of the wall. It does not do distinction in the cover, eliminating any gesture that demonstrates the ending of the volume. In this respect there is called me the attention very much this geometric purity to which there come many architects of the generation of Cron in Lima, helped by the benign of the climate, they do not hesitate to propose buildings where the reading of the cover, as component of the building, disappears and gets lost in the line of cornice. Motivated by Rubén Pesci I wrote it does little a chapter for a book for that I wait soon go out to press analyzing this particularity of the of Lima architecture.

Aldo G. Facho Dede · Architect Author of the Blog Habitar: Ambiente+Arquitectura+Ciudad

Lima · january 2013

Note: I share besides the plants, a few photos taken in January, 2009 and those who were published in the edition of El Arquitecto Peruano de abril de 1950 (in black and white).

Arquitecto-urbanista, docente-investigador, convencido de que nuestro país necesita desarrollar sus ciudades en base a modelos de planificación urbana estratégicos y adaptativos, que partan desde las personas y el ambiente, y que busquen la multiplicación del bienestar y su equitativa distribución.

Arquitecto-Urbanista por la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (UNI-FAUA), título homologado en Argentina. Magister en Desarrollo Sustentable por la Universidad de Lanús (UNLA-FLACAM, Argentina). Estudios de Doctorado en la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (España). Experiencia profesional en Urbanismo, Planificación Urbana y Arquitectura, desarrollada en las ciudades de Lima-Perú, La Plata-Argentina y Barcelona-España. Ha participado en el desarrollo de proyectos y consultorías para Perú, Argentina, España, México y Brasil. Ha ganado concursos de arquitectura y diseño urbano en Perú y Argentina. Es docente del área de Urbanismo de la USAT y miembro del Consejo Consultivo de la Escuela de Arquitectura de la UDEP. Es socio de FDARQ Urbanismo + Arquitectura y editor del blog HABITAR

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