Peter Smithson (Stockton-on-Tees 1923-2003) and Alison Smithson (Alison Gill) (Sheffield 1928-1993) were two architects and English town planners who were employed actively at the theoretical aspects of the architecture of the decades of the 50 and 60. They are considered to be co-founders of the brutalismo, and there formed a part of the Team 10, one group of architects that from his first meeting in 1954 he exercised, by means of his publications, a great influence in the urbanism of the second half of the 20th century. In other artistic disciplines, also they formed a part of the Independent Group in 1956.
The architects knew themselves while they were studying in the University of Durham and they married in 1949, opening an own study one year later.
The importance of this pair of architects rests more on his theoretical work on the architecture and the urbanism that in the building construction, but between his projects they emphasize the Golden Lane Housing (London, 1952), where the opened and complex composition of the neighborhood tries to break with the own beginning of zoning of the rationalism of beginning of century, and the urbanization Robin Hood Gardens in London, constructed between 1966 and 1972. The disposition curvilinear and opened of the buildings, organized concerning a great garden, materializes finally the concept of what for the Smithson must be the architecture.