The Project Aura treats itself about a project realized by students of the School of Architecture of the University of Seville (ETSAS) and the University Santiago of Cali that Decathlon Latinoamérica was born like proposed the Solar contest and Caribbean 2015 celebrated in Cali (Colombia) last December.
The project is born of the reconsideration of the Latin architectural culture, applied to the collective social housing, from an environmental and sustainable point of view. This way, of the study of the Latin – Mediterranean tradition, there arises an offer that tries to connect both ends of the reality edilicia Latin: the American and the European of the south: two faces of the same currency, not only in the architectural thing but in the way of life, in to live, inside what we might name the “architecture of hot countries”.
Situation of item.
The solution wanted to look beyond the bases of a contest of “sustainable houses”, and it wanted to go deeply into the investigation on the rehabilitation of obsolete existing structures into Spain after the explosion of the economic bubble and the existing manners of occupation of the territory into Colombia on the part of the most disadvantaged classes.
From this form there arises the concept of “cage”, an element – mesh, regulator of the territory and the scale, accumulator of the aspects minimal necessary technical personnel – instaladores-estructurales for lives, who flies from the territory to the housing, happening for the neighborhood and the building and it will be occupied – habitada-rehabilitada progressively.
Local architecture like social and sustainable response.
Disintegration of the housing. Spaces of transition.
With the aim to reduce of passive form the local dampness, the equipment marks as priority aim the search of the ventilation crossed across the housing. For it, there fragments the concept of compact traditional housing. Of this form spaces of transition appear in addition between the pieces, which help to propitiate the flexibility in the interior.
Directed and modular autoconstruction.
For the housing, a system of construction appears very deep-rooted and sufficiently proved in the Latin-American culture: the autoconstruction. Understanding that it is a necessary certain order of growth, one proposes a system of autoconstruction directed by the technical personnel, so that it helps itself to the family to obtain a growth and an occupation optimized of the lot inside the cage edilicy.
Progressivity and perfectibility.
Understanding, in the social context in which we are, the difficulty of the family for occupying a complete lot, prevee a process of progressive occupation. In the first estadío, the family will be able to connect to the technical core of the housing, from where all the necessary facilities come for to live basic. The second stage contributes two new spaces vivideros and a covered but opened space. Once it completes the housing, is capable of being perfected by the incorporation of elements that help to increase the thermal comfort or to give major response to the problems which every family faces.
Architectural configuration. Module minimal housing.
Technical structural core.
The housing is born concerning a structural core by original present installer in the cage. This heart of the housing, aúna all the facilities of light and water of the same one beside contributing structural inflexibility. It is the point of hooking of every family to the collective cage, on which it will begin the construction of every lot.
The concept of disintegration of the housing removes up to the end, so that the housing is formed concerning a series of equipped furniture that are giving service to the different stays. The furniture appears from the idea of improvement and growth, that is to say, every furniture gives service to a use and as a whole with others they form the complete front.
It gets also in the collective housing, in the technical core, last “bioclimatic furniture”, the solar chimney. It gives support to the zone of principal stay of the housing, kitchen and bath, working as a passive “shunt” helping to evacuate the warm residual air of the interior of the housing.
Module bioclimatic vestibule-front yard.
The Project Aura introduces a new element to the social housing capable of contributing additional values to the module of minimal housing. It is a way of providing to qualify the spaces vivideros of the housing in height across an element that introduces regulates aspects as:
The module vestibule works as element of mattress bioclimático between housings so that individual – housing guarantees the ventilation crossed so much to level as group – block. The being a free space of construction, the housing assures the step of the air of the cold face the warm one of the block. This constant movement of air and breeze, helps to improve the sensation of thermal comfort of the family.
It works as space of transition – threshold between the exterior and the interior of the housing, obtaining a light regulation – gradation from the collective gallery of access and the interior of the housing. The module vestibule provided with hollows and lattices, allows to sift and to regulate the light depending on the needs needed by the inhabitants.
This new space works as “separating” element between housings. Due to his configuration, the vestibule allows that every housing should possess four fronts liberated of construction, improving his acoustic behavior.
The vestibule is capable of framing the exterior landscape, managing to dilute the limits between inside and out; interior and exterior. Of this form, one takes the garden of the city, the extension of the land, the relation with the soil, to the interior of the new social housing in height.
Work: Aura project, colombo-Spanish Pavilion for Solar Decathlon Latin America and Caribbean 2015
Author: hísCali Team
Location: Cali, Colombia
Project manager: Gustavo Recio Iturralde, Isabel Gómez García
Project architect: Javier Serrano Fajardo
Construction manager: Sebastián Cordero González
Site operations coordinator: Elena López Ariza
Contest captain: Clara Jiménez Carmona
Instrumentation contact: Cristina de Talavera Gawronska
Health & safety team coordinator: Juan Copado Bocero
Electrical engineer: Manuel Felipe Zapata Balanta
Project engineer: Álvaro López Escamilla
Safety officer: Alberto Cardero Romero
Communications coordinator: Iris Martínez Romero
Decathletas: María Albarreal Machío, Yaiza Sánchez Liria, Mercedes López Cepero, Gloria Rivero Lamela, Carlota Sánchez Rodríguez, Damián Gil Muñoz, Álvaro Enrique Quecano Gómez, Andrea León Domínguez, Camilo Tapasco Montoya, Daniel Cobo Ossorio, Gloria Lorena Perdomo, Jackeline Paredes Prieto, Juan Enrique Realpe, Juan Pablo Arismendi, Kevin Arévalo Eraso, Yesica Katerine Ordóñez.
Faculty advisor: Rafael Herrera Limones
Co-faculty advisor: Félix de la Iglesia Salgado, Milagrosa Borrallo, Miguel Ángel Gil Martí, Raúl Emilio Melo Sevilla, Javier García López, Jorge Enrique León Ardila, Nayibe Bonilla Mosquera, Javier Rojas Montes, Gerardo Motoa, Teresa Arana, Mª Fernanda Díaz
Work Management: César González González
External relationships: Vladimir Luna Zuluaga
Collaborators: Yumiko Ashanti Chiba, Julia Molina Virués, Lázuli Fernández Lobato, Juan Manuel Ortiz Cabeza, Juan Carlos Pérez Juidías, María Castro, Gonzalo Cantos Mateos, Ángela Arbeláez Molina, Brenda Brito Hernández, Gined Vannesa Bedoya, Jhon Alexander Torres Rendón, Carlos Antonio Domínguez Torres, Juan Carlos Domínguez Molina, Ángel Satué Fernández, Sergio Ruz Sánchez, Camilo Hidalgo Platero, Roger Ayuso Faber, Natalia Bennekers Vallejo, Anupama Mohanlal, Swastika Singh, Vicente Pérez Hernández, Lola Ramos Ruíz, Alicia Alonso Carrillo, Miguel Ángel Campano Laborda, Juan Expósito.
Collaborators Teachers: Narciso Vázquez Carretero, Álvaro Iván Jiménez Alzate, Waldo Bustamante Gómez, Mónica Granados Cabrera, Salvador Cejudo Ramos, Miguel Hernández Valencia, Jorge Roa Fernández, Antonio Domínguez Delgado, Francisco Duarte Jiménez, María Pilar García Fernández, Tomás García García, Antonio Ángel Haro Greppi, José Antonio López Martínez, Andrés Martín Pastor, Antonio Millán Jiménez, Antonio García Martínez, José Pérez de Lama, Paloma Pineda Palomo, Francisco Sánchez Quintana, Javier Velasco Acebal, Ignacio Quijano Losada, Ángel Luis León Rodríguez, David Moreno Rangel, Juan Emilio Ballesteros, Benito Sánchez-Montañés Macías.
Photography: Juan Copado Bocero