Remembering Manuel Ángel Ganoza | Fernando Freire Forga

El arquitecto Manuel Ángel Ganoza Plaza nació en Trujillo – Perú el 01 de Octubre de 1930. Los estudios primarios y secundarios los realizó en la ciudad de Trujillo y Lima respectivamente. Entre los años de 1950 y 1954, estudió la carrera de Arquitectura en la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería en Lima, obteniendo luego el título de Ingeniero-Arquitecto en Enero de 1955. Para ese entonces la enseñanza de arquitectura moderna estaba radicalmente establecida en las aulas de esta universidad desde 1945 y acentuada con la formación del grupo Espacio hacia el año 1947.

A mediados del año 1955 recibe una beca por parte del Gobierno Peruano para realizar estudios en Madrid, donde recibe varios diplomas por cursos de especialización en Historia del Arte y Arquitectura, Paisajismo y en Formas Recientes en la Construcción Moderna en el Instituto Técnico de la Construcción y del Cemento (hoy Instituto Torroja), donde estuvo bajo la tutela del Arquitecto Eduardo Torroja y el Ingeniero Pier Luigi Nervi en los trabajos desarrollados.

Manuel Ángel Ganoza

In the year 2010 we were gone forward by our dear friend and architect Manuel Ángel. A great example of professional dedication in defense of our dear city; the one who also contributed to the development of our architecture with interesting works and modern projects that we observe daily in the city Trujillana.

That we remember the desires of working of the architect Ganoza, we know that his more ideal nobles were basing in improved the architectural quality and the urban development of the city of Trujillo, which lamentably has not met reflected in the growth of the city in the latter years.

Though there exists a great untid growth of the city, the same fact represents a great economic opportunity and of development for all of us. Nevertheless, the lack of rigor and investigation us can mean a very bad play for the general ends of our inhabitants. A city with the disorder that comes demonstrating it will drive us to obtain big problems in the future. Example of it is the collapse of significant areas in our urban equipment. For mentioning someone of these examples, we can observe the daily crisis that one lives in the avenue Prolongation Cesar Vallejo, just person opposite to the Mall, about 7:00 pm. The traffic existing traffic is a product of a deficient urban and architectural projection, where one did not hesitate to design suitable, both traffic and pedestrian accesses. Of a correct previous investigation having been realized we would not have these excesses that harm the coexistence of our citizens. It is lamentable!

Of equal way there is lived daily in the Historical Center a chaos of similar importance, to which already us “we are accustomed”. Manuel Ángel Ganoza had proposed the tidy one peatonalización of the streets that go from this one to west and open the traffic way to that they go from North to South. In this offer it was including a series of pedestrian crossings and whereabouts for taxis. Nowadays there is peatonalizado a few stables of the Jr. Pizarro obstructing daily the step to the Plaza of Weapon in the corner between the streets I colour with red ochre and Pizarro. Rightly where there is more space in order that they circulate the cars, just person there is where they block the way … it seemed as if they were doing it by the way, but not, I am sure that it is not like that. Basically this fact is product of a great lack of knowledge of town planning and the deficiency of the responsible and regulatory entities.

Let’s remember that better solutions exist, let’s resemble those who fought to achieve a better city, let’s remember the works that fill with pride us as Trujillanos and especially let’s remember that even we still have great for doing in our city and that for it it is necessary to be rigorous in our daily acts.

As part of “remembering” this one of good ideas, projects and works, I leave later a miscellany of works and projects elaborated by the Architect Manuel Ángel Ganoza Plaza between the year 1960 and 1970.

The architect Manuel Ángel Ganoza Plaza was born in Trujillo – Peru On October 01, 1930. The primary and secondary studies were realized by it in the city of Trujillo and Lima respectively. Between the years of 1950 and 1954, he studied the career of Architecture in the National University of Engineering in Lima, obtaining then the Engineer – architect’s title in January, 1955. For this then the education of modern architecture was radically established in the classrooms of this university from 1945 and accentuated with the formation of the group I Spread about the year 1947.

In the middle of the year 1955 it receives a scholarship on the part of the Peruvian Government to realize studies in Madrid, where it gets several diplomas for courses of specialization in History of the Art and Architecture, Landscape painting and in Recent Forms in the Modern Construction in the Technical Institute of the Construction and of the Cement (today Institute Torroja), where it was under the guardianship of the Architect Eduardo Torroja and the Engineer Pier Luigi Nervi in the developed works.

The architect Ganoza returns to Peru and for the year 1957 Ponce of León is employed as Architect at the construction company Crosby – until 1958, then to start designing architectural projects of an independent way in the city of Trujillo.

The decade of 1960 will be excellent his golden epoch, thanks to the economic development for the one that was crossing the city of Trujillo. The big producing large estates of sugar cane contracted MAG to develop urban projects as the Center Filled with Sintuco at the end of 1960.

For the last years of the decade of 1960, it will associate with the architect Jose Correa Orbegoso, with the one who will project a series of housings for the estate of Mansion, to the north of the city of Trujillo. He will share the project authorship like her you investigate of the familias Zarzar and Arellano, the residence of the Gentleman Octavio Ganoza, the Building of Trade and Housings of 12 Floors I entrust of the Gentleman Javier Servat for 1968 and the project of Chan Chan’s Technological City.

The military coup d’état at the end of the decade of 1960 and the agrarian executed reform, they would leave it basically without potential clients, forcing it to move away from the architectural projection to devote itself completely to the conservation of the Historical Center and the Cultural Heritage that this one was understanding.

In the middle of the decade of the seventies his life like professional will give an important draft thanks to the scholarship that the UNESCO grants him to realize studies of Preservation, Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Historical Sites in the ICROM (International Center For The Preservation and Cultural Restauration of Property) in Rome – Italy, orientating his professional work, from June, 1976, to the restoration of historical monuments in the city of Trujillo.

Until the year 2010 it had to his post the courses of History and Conservation of Historical Centers and Heritage in the University Deprived of the North – UPN in the city of Trujillo, where he was a dean of the faculty of Architecture several years.

At present there has remained incomplete the book that it was elaborating with the University Deprived of the North (UPN), on the evolution of the architecture in the city of Trujillo, documentation that possesses two parts of which one of them already was ready.

Fernando Freire Forga · Doctor Architect

Lima · october 2011 · Author of the Blog La Forma Moderna en Latinoamérica

El arquitecto Manuel Ángel Ganoza Plaza nació en Trujillo – Perú el 01 de Octubre de 1930. Los estudios primarios y secundarios los realizó en la ciudad de Trujillo y Lima respectivamente. Entre los años de 1950 y 1954, estudió la carrera de Arquitectura en la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería en Lima, obteniendo luego el título de Ingeniero-Arquitecto en Enero de 1955. Para ese entonces la enseñanza de arquitectura moderna estaba radicalmente establecida en las aulas de esta universidad desde 1945 y acentuada con la formación del grupo Espacio hacia el año 1947.

A mediados del año 1955 recibe una beca por parte del Gobierno Peruano para realizar estudios en Madrid, donde recibe varios diplomas por cursos de especialización en Historia del Arte y Arquitectura, Paisajismo y en Formas Recientes en la Construcción Moderna en el Instituto Técnico de la Construcción y del Cemento (hoy Instituto Torroja), donde estuvo bajo la tutela del Arquitecto Eduardo Torroja y el Ingeniero Pier Luigi Nervi en los trabajos desarrollados.

Fernando Freire Forga

Fernando Freire Forga nace en Lima el 21 de marzo de 1977. Entre los años 1994 y 2000 realiza estudios de arquitectura en la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas en la misma ciudad. En 1999 obtiene el primer premio en el Concurso a nivel nacional organizado por PROCOBRE-PERÚ con la tesis: Edificio Automatizado de Oficinas: “Usos del Cobre en la Arquitectura”.

Ha realizado estudios de Doctorado sobre Arquitectura Moderna en la ETSAB, Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona en la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña, España. Actualmente , se encuentra inmerso en el desarrollo de trabajos de recopilación e investigación de Arquitectura Moderna en el Perú. Es docente de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú y se desenvuelve como proyectista de manera independiente.

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