In this collage of fictions in which the city and his inhabitants are the protagonists one hides the record of the urban conflicts associated with the socioeconomic model of an epoch. Of equal way, his conclusions project a range of solutions only limited by the imagination.
Probably let’s be able estimate the cinema of fiction for his documentary revelations, and grant new resonances and meanings to this suggestive narrative order.
Real-estate fiction is an audio-visual project of non-profit-making investigation with artistic, didactic and / or critical intentions.
This trilogy of documentaries compiles materials found in movies of fiction where the problematic ones associated with the question of the housing (real-estate speculation, processes of gentrificación and consequences of the globalization in the contemporary city) appear in the principal plot or with certain relevancy in his narrative line.
The third and definitive delivery of begins his gait as a trip in car. Vehicles that slip towards the contemporary North American cities crossing rural and industrial forgotten zones. Of this form there appear in Detroit the vampires protagonists of Only Lovers Left Alive. Both prominent figures, representing to the archetype hípster current, feel a powerful aesthetic attraction for the media ruins of Detroit, city that there suffered a process of abandon after the definitive closing of the factories Ford that there they were finding: “Some day this place will bloom”. And it will bloom surely under royal initiatives as Write House, which from 2013 is creating free residences to attract artists and writers to the above mentioned city. In the same trip, and very near to Detroit, one finds the place where Lost River’s plot and the urbanization happen where Clint Eastwood rolled Great Torino, which serves us to put on screen the social segregation across the problems between local and immigrant neighbors.
We come on wheels to the city of Los Angeles: the protagonists of Inherent Vice do a perfect summary of “The long and sad history of the urban development of Los Angeles”, naming several processes of gentrificación as the happened one in Bunker Hill, who displaced the Indian native population to construct the Music Center or the expulsion of Mexican families in the Zone of the Latin neighborhood of I Throw Park to raise the stadium of the Dodgers.
Also on the Coast West is San Francisco, place where there passes Sister Act 2, sequel in which Whoopi Goldberg Saint Francis will try to avoid the closing of the parochial School across the music. Slightly more in the northern part we will run against Portland’s city, wherefrom both prominent figures of Old Joy are original. In his trip in car they us report “the end of an age” produced by the changes in the street Ankeny (former shops of discs turned into modern bars of batters). From the decade of 2000, many Portland’s districts (as St. Johns or Kenton) are being studied by the displacement of the most vulnerable population and especially immigrants of black race.
We jump to another end of the USA to visit New York (devastated in 1953 by The Beast’s monster from 20,000 Fathoms), indispensable city in the history of the cinema, in the history of the neoliberal urbanism and in the history of the neoliberal urbanism in the cinema. Beat Street had the premiere in 1984 as a symbol of the culture Hip Hop and in his footage we can see Queens’s streets in a clear condition of abandon and degradation, something that during the last years has changed with a strong local transformation with the arrival of artists, new neighbors and real-estate promoters to Ridgewood’s neighborhood, before marked with the stigma of the dangerousness and now with the label of “The new Brooklyn”, applied by the New York Times. Coming finally to the island of Manhattan we will detain in the East Village, where Joe’s Apartment (that in Spain was comercializasda as Joe’s Poky place) shows us some comical attempts of resistance and civil alternatives across the creation of urban gardens. In the 80s, in the East Village, like in the Lower East Side, important transformations took place by means of the revaluation of the zone after the artists’ arrival that they were coming precisely displaced from the SoHo. Probably to the SoHo there refers the name of the new fashionable neighborhood in the series South Park, named “Sodo Sopa” raised as a historical, fashionable and picturesque place simultaneously, with the best night leisure and with the possibility of enjoying the genuineness of his neighbors.
Opposite to New York, to another side of the river Hudson, we find New Jersey’s city, which serves as scene to film – and to rewind, for favor – the movie Be Kind Rewind in Hackensack’s neighborhood (The videoclub places in the street Passaic), zone that – close to to Hoboken’s district – is between most coveted due to his good communication with the island of Manhattan. Opposite to New York, to another side of the river Hudson, we find New Jersey’s city, which serves as scene to film – and to rewind, for favor – the movie Be Kind Rewind in Hackensack’s neighborhood (The videoclub places in the street Passaic), zone that – close to to Hoboken’s district – is between most coveted due to his good communication with the island of Manhattan. The protagonists try to avoid – apparently to seem without success – the demolition of the building where the history develops by means of cultural activities, in I make concrete creating a movie between all the neighbors on the importance of the memory mire since there there was born the acquaintance (and fictitious) musician of Jazz Fats Wale. Near New York and New Jersey, in the port of Baltimore (place of birth and investigation of the geographer David Harvey), we will discover as the mafias dealers of drugs whiten the money across the real-estate investment in the port zone. A little raised in the fiction of the series The Wire that happens in the reality with processes of displacement as in the district Canton (with the recycling of former industrial buildings in housings) and the so called Gold Coast for his potential as reurbanization of luxury.
And before leaving the USA we will move (voluntarily) to the south zone of the country, primeramente to Miami (Florida) where also across the culture of the flashmob and a cynic activismo, the young persons of Step Up Revolution also will try to avoid the expulsion of the inhabitants of the zone of the port to construct hotels of luxury and shops of design. It is necessary to remember an extreme case of the same city, Wynwood’s neighborhood, where the real-estate promoters have managed to increase the prices of the zone and to displace to numerous families of Puerto Ricans across contracting and opening galleries for urban artists. On the same Palm Beach’s coast there develops Empire of the Ants, where giant ants will give themselves a banquet with the buyers’ arrival of areas urbanizable? In Belle Glade’s paradisiac zone. This way we come to New Orleans, where the series Treme reports the processes of gentrificación happened in the zone after the hurricane Katrina who produced an exodus of population in favor of social profiles of middle class and average – discharge. Probably one of the affected families is the protagonist of 99 Homes, harassed by a speculator of a company of funds vulture.
In Mexico DF, suffering metropolis also of acquaintances natural disasters and coinciding with the earthquake that it changed totally the urban, political and cultural paradigm of the city, there was rolled in 1984 The King of the Vicinity, which history Leandro Valle passes in the vicinity of the street, nowadays occupied by the Cultural Center of the Contemporary Mexico, not being therefore very fictitious the local expulsion that appears us in the movie.
Also we find interesting plots in the Latin-American cinema as in Avellaneda’s Argentine Moon (rolled precisely in San Telmo’s already revalued Neighborhood that, as Port Log, suffers at present the consequences of the gentrificación) or the marginal neighborhoods of Santiago portrayed in the Chilean movie Caluga or Mint.
Thanks to the Spanish cinema we will be present at several portraits of the massive urbanization of the coasts of the Mediterranean one, with multitude of real-estate aberrations that lead movies like Golden eggs and 5 Square meters (both developed in the province of Alicante) or the famous chapter ” they will not move us ” of the series Blue Summer, where his protagonists will fight, once again with the music for flag, against dark urban development plans on the coasts of Malaga. Also the city of Madrid contributes interesting narratives in Histories of Madrid, where, since in Real-estate Fiction 1 and 2, we will return to be present at the problems of the shortage of housing in the 50s in the capital after the massive arrival of population from the rest of provinces. A situation that contrasts with the current situation where more than 300.000 empty housings are calculated only in the above mentioned city.
From France a new movie of animation came in 2014 3D stocks on the comics of Astérix and Obélix, paradigm of the resistance of the Gallic village against the imperialism of the Rome of the César. Astérix: Him domaine des dieux we are raised by a plot in which the Gauls will have to fight against the real-estate plans of the Roman emperor against the idea of constructing The Residence of the Gods
Vittorio de Sica, who returns to repeat presence in the saga Real-estate Fiction, treats the topic of the neighborhoods autoconstruídos in Il Tetto, in which a marriage will resort to the illegal construction of his house in Prenestino’s Roman neighborhood, controlled already by the police forces for fear that the above mentioned housings prohibited by the law “come to this step up to the Piazza Colonna”.
And we end in Asia. The north of the oriental Russia, in I make concrete Teriberka’s cold zone, it appears in Leviathan as a place where the political power corrompe once again to clear a man of his house it and to be able to have new areas. In Seoul, South Korea, the protagonists of Pietà tell us since his neighborhood will disappear to construct skyscraper in the zone. Kim ki-duk rolled this movie in Cheonggyecheon’s zone, which in the decade of 2000 initiated the construction of a park of 6 kilometres of length following the course of the river from the business district Gwanghwamun up to the meeting with the river Jungnang Cheon, a project that was realized without any public consultation and displaced thousands of neighbors and merchants of the district.
The problematic ones between immigrant populations return in the Japanese World Apartment Horror, where Katsuhiro Otomo raises a building of full apartments of ghosts that terrify the yakuza who try to expel from the building Chinese, Taiwanese and Pakistani immigrants.
On this third part we meet for closed the trilogy . An epilogue that supports the Utopian aspiration of which the end of this saga has his last reflection in the scenes habitacionales of the real world.