During the years precrisis many architects filled the front pages of the success in the press. It is maybe this attitude the one that has supposed that compares the profession with one of the reasons of the crisis and that the architects do not show now a great moral authority.
Evidently a part exists in these lines indeed but, if it is wanted secret there is also another reality, that of the architects who work daily of form strengthened to take forward the illusions of his clients.
An extreme case is that of the architects compromised with the social reasons, who already not here, but there, in Asia or in Africa raise projects conceived from Europa’s optics. There where the term I shelter, the house as protection, he acquires all his meaning, architects like the Norwegians of TYIN work taking architecture imaginative, but full of quality.
In the year 2008 they created a humanitarian organization to construct houses the orphan teenagers, libraries of people and public baths, with the local population and inside the necessary conditions to protect the environment.
In January, 2009, TYIN recruited 15 students of architecture of the NTNU to be present at a workshop in Thailand, and Safe Haven improved the facilities of the Orphanage, under the direction of the teacher Sami Rintala. Both basic needs were it of creating a library and a building of sanitary services. The sanitary building had to cover the basic needs, as baths, personal hygiene and laundry. There existed already one of minimal dimensions constructed in the place, and this one was the point of item for the new bathhouse.
The new volume divides in two parts, the blocked one of stone and concrete that is closed on yes same and generates the interior spaces for the most intimate functions. In the center there is placed a bathroom, which is opened for the existing plantations of teak behind the building. In spite of the fact that this room is in use for the wash of the body, it is partially opened for the sights of the landscape since in the people Karen culturamente this act of cleanliness is realized of joint form. A sloping front of bamboo runs along the long side of the building and allows the construction of a corridor protected from the Sun that connects all the stays.
The building of the Library is on a base of local stone, the walls of stone and polished concrete protect the building of the heat during the day, whereas the front opened of muds of bamboo towards the west offers a good ventilation. With local wood there was constructed a robust studding that generates a space in the cover separated from the dampness in the epoch of rains and that is adopted as space of reading.
The racks run along the walls increasing the inertia of these, whereas the front is opened for the landscape generating a species of scene that allows the accomplishment of different activities. The area of general entry creates a comfortable space between exterior and interior, and is extended towards the exterior in a species of terrace separated from the soil.
This has loaded to the building with an important paper as place of meeting and is widely used for the game, the stay or the accomplishment of joint activities.
Another similar case is that of Anna Heringer, an arquitecta licensed in 2004 in the University of Linz, Austria. Under the idea of that the architecture is a mechanism to improve the life and that has the aptitude to stimulate the confidence of the people, moved to Rudrapur, a small people of the most rural zone of Bangladesh, where his project constructed end of career, a school raised with mud and bamboo. This work carried out with the cooperation of the local craftsmen and with the implication of the whole community, which of providing to the region of a necessary equipment as a school, strengthened the feeling of belonging and of cultural local identity.
The building fills with happiness the ground floor by means of a few curtains full of color. Both floors of the primary school have arisen from a deep comprehension of the local materials and from a sincere connection with the local community. His innovation resides in the adjustment of the methods and traditional materials of construction for the creation of contemporary spaces, full of light, as well as informal spaces for the children, in whom these could experience the enjoyment of the game. Terrestrial, such materials as the mud, the clay and the straw combine with more light elements, as sticks of bamboo and ropes of tie of nylon to give form to a construction that deals with the sustainability and with the balance with the nature of an exemplary way. The solution of design cannot be replicable, is the opposite to the architecture of the waste, where the place does not matter.
The local conditions determine the final result, because this one is born precisely of this utilization of the knowledge accumulated in a place. The design allows new solutions to use the deep knowledge of the local context and of the traditional forms of construction.
The final result of these voluntary efforts they are very worthy buildings of contemporary architecture that beyond his beautiful spaces, have the value of the collective thing and of the human thing, since they suppose a learning, so much for the children to those who serve like for those who took part in his construction. This model and not the one that has ended in the crisis, can be understood as a model of hope for the suitable and sustainable construction worldwide.
íñigo garcía odiaga . architect
san sebastián. june 2014
Article is published in ZAZPIKA 2012.07.15