In an attempt of debunking of the “wise persons” presupposed of the architecture socially valued for the decade of 1960, Robert Venturi answered to a series of notions that they had guided to the modern designers of architecture. The experience of the urban landscape formed chaotic by overlapping of elements loaded with symbolism and the checking of which the ideal ones of simplicity, order and simplicity are counter come every day by the users of the city and of the housing, led Venturi to proposing a program of design based on values of functional plurality and significant ambiguity, much more coherent with the symbolic requirements of the individual and collective psychology.
Polemic work, Complexity and contradiction in the architecture constitutes one of the most violent allegations against many positions accepted acríticamente at the time and a vigorous effort for discovering radically different manners of confronting the problems of the architectural design.
Robert Venturi (1925) is an architect for the Princeton University. After working for Eero Saarinen and Louis I. Kahn, established his office in 1958, where it worked associated with Denise Scott Brown from 1969 up to his retirement in 2012. His work has been published in numerous monographs. He has been a teacher in the University of Pennsylvania, the UCLA and the Yale University, and between his books more acquaintances are Complexity and contradiction in the architecture (1966), To View from the Campidoglio: Selected Essays 1953-1984 (1984; together with Denise Scott Brown), and Architecture seize Signs and Systems for to Mannerist Time (2004; together with Denise Scott Brown).