Wiracocha House. Luis Miró Quesada Garland | Aldo G. Facho Dede

Wiracocha House. Luis Miró Quesada Garland. Lima, Perú. 1947

We cannot understand the evolution of the Modern Architecture in Peru without checking Luis Miró Quesada Garland’s figure and inside his work the house Huiracocha. Though still it is in foot, there has been glaringly deformed by his successive owners which impedes to obtain photographic records. The images that accompany this note have been obtained by me of the article published by the Arq. Sharif Kahatt for the magazine AUT and the descriptive text of an article published by the Arq. Miró Quesada for the magazine DAU in 1987.

Evidently this publication is alone a sketch that tries to spread so important project with the hope to be able to complement her with deeper articles or better photographic and planimetric records. Topic separates it is the fact that the Architects’ College and the principal powers of architecture have not done the effort to acquire the house to recover her in his original condition, and to offer her to the company as cultural and architectural contemporary heritage. Being the topic of the conservation of the contemporary heritage on the table, it would be a fact of supreme significance to rescue her in view of his public recognition as one of the milestones of our architecture.

“To sixty years of the ending of the House Huiracocha, one of the most important works of the architect Luís Miro Quesada, turns out to be interesting go the look back to identify the influences and to understand the circumstances of his construction. The house Huiracocha was projected by Luís Miro Quesada in 1947 and finished of constructing in the middle of 1948, years of Europa’s postwar period and North America they were marking the way in the intellectual life, and the architectural Peruvian culture. Of this form, the house reveals itself as a cultural product that seeks to reach a Peruvian and universal modernity, which in his search produces a cultural own hybridization to the negotiation between western modernization and a culture taken root in pre-Columbian and colonial traditions. In this context of social transformation and search of a new modern identity, the house Huiracocha intrínsicamente proposes as catalyst of a renovaciónarquitectónica and cultural transformation capable of answering to these demands of a new epoch.”

Sharif Kahatt, 2010

Aldo G. Facho Dede · Architect Author of the Blog Habitar: Ambiente+Arquitectura+Ciudad

Lima · august 2012

Fragment of the article written by Luis Miró Quesada.

DAU Magazine. Lima, september 1987.

Allow me here a discretion. So much because for my it constituted an accomplishment of beginning all that because some facts that were provoked illustrate well the cultural climate at which we were employed.

When I presented the process for municipal license in the middle of 47, this one was rejected, the reason was that there was a device that he was arranging that inside Magdalena Vieja’s circumscription, today Free People, all the buildings had to be “neo-colonial”. I did not move backward in my insistence, since for my it was constituting a case of beginning, finally after almost one year I achieved my intention and it was possible to initiate the construction.

More lucidly I tried to focus the project as a problem to resolving in that they were informing functional factors and constructive elements, for what was necessary to overcome schemes, facts and conventional bosses.

1. The treatment of the interior space parts with the practice of the spaces monopolies in search of an alone spatially very fluid and dynamic environment, but in the one that assures a visual isolation himself between the sub-spaces.

2. Since need to isolate of the strangers’ record opposite to the street develops closed being opened totally towards the later garden, joining the functional receipt and visually of this one.

3. With the same intention of the maximum utilization of the garden the usual court of service is eliminated of the ground floor. For it and inside a previous scheme of zoning, the sector of services arranged in an end and in three floors of minor height connected in half a floors to both principal ones.

4. To revalue the roof as part of the exposition of the house; for it I him led for both stairs, constructed an environment of infantile recreation and his use was divided into zones: in the north part, of better asoleamiento, for the infantile activities and in the south part for occupations of service.

5. So much for the sights to San’s Philip racetrack since by a bosquezuelo of eucalyptuses large windows were opened towards the west, this determined the device of a roofed balcony, along the front, which it was protecting from the asoleamiento.

To my to understand, all the previous considerations, and some more that it would be long to enumerate, they were constituting determining elements of the architectural expression that it must be born of the classification and plastic composition of them and the truth of the constructive elements, as the brick face dresses, the plates corrugadas of Eternit, the calamine of aluminium, etc. What for then turned out to be shoking enough.

LMG, 1987

Bibliography:

– Sharif Kahatt, La casa Huiracocha – one produces modern premium 60 years later.

Revista AUT Nº3. Colegio de Arquitectos del Perú, Lima – mayo 2010. Págs. 84-95.

– Luis Miró Quesada Garland, Inicios de la Arquitectura Moderna en Lima.

Revista DAU, año 2 – volúmen 1 – Nº2,3. Lima, Perú – septiembre 1987. Págs. 41-47.

Arquitecto-urbanista, docente-investigador, convencido de que nuestro país necesita desarrollar sus ciudades en base a modelos de planificación urbana estratégicos y adaptativos, que partan desde las personas y el ambiente, y que busquen la multiplicación del bienestar y su equitativa distribución.

Arquitecto-Urbanista por la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (UNI-FAUA), título homologado en Argentina. Magister en Desarrollo Sustentable por la Universidad de Lanús (UNLA-FLACAM, Argentina). Estudios de Doctorado en la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (España). Experiencia profesional en Urbanismo, Planificación Urbana y Arquitectura, desarrollada en las ciudades de Lima-Perú, La Plata-Argentina y Barcelona-España. Ha participado en el desarrollo de proyectos y consultorías para Perú, Argentina, España, México y Brasil. Ha ganado concursos de arquitectura y diseño urbano en Perú y Argentina. Es docente del área de Urbanismo de la USAT y miembro del Consejo Consultivo de la Escuela de Arquitectura de la UDEP. Es socio de FDARQ Urbanismo + Arquitectura y editor del blog HABITAR

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