The study of the rural and popular architecture has been an important favorable environment of the modern architecture; in her the architects have looked for the truth of the forms and the materials, his values of sustainability and of comprehension of the local values. From this context, the conference also traces the contemporary relation between educated and popular architecture.
BERNARD RUDOFSKY: CRITICAL DISOBEDIENCE TO THE MODERNITY.
Architecture without Architects, 50 years later
Center Jose Guerrero, Granada. From 07 to 09.10.2013
In 2014 they are fulfilled fifty years of the publication of Architecture without Architects (Architecture without architects), one of the most influential works of the versatile Bernard Rudofsky (Moravia, 1905 – New York, 1998).
Considered one of the most innovative creators of the 20th century, Rudofsky has been architect, designer, publisher, photographer and investigator, and has been defined as a severe critic of the progresses of the contemporary epoch. By all this his figure is outlined today as that of an author of enormous current importance and one of the figures iconoclasts of the modernity.
It was the out-standing theoretical one of the design, in I make concrete in the field of the sociocultural comparative design, developed in works as The Kimono Mind, The Unfashionable Human Body or Now I lay me down to eat. To it there adds the deep impact of his activity as commissioner, of which they are examples his provocative exhibitions organized in the Museum of Modern Art of New York between the forties and sixties; his labor like publisher and art director of magazines of architecture and design of reference like Domus; and his educational task in diverse centers of the whole world (Yale, MIT, Waseda’s University in Tokyo).
The experience of the trip constitutes for Rudofsky a fundamental instrument for the investigation and the learning, having lived and constructed in countries like The United States, Brazil and Italy. He visits, documents and claims the economy, intelligence and sustainability of the anonymous architectures of which to live contemporary debit to learn.
His meeting with our country took place from the decade of the sixties, moment in the one that began to visit it assiduous and to be interested for our wise traditional architecture. Thanks to his link with Jose Guerrero, Rudofsky knew Frigiliana’s Mediterranean landscape, where it decided to construct in the seventies his summer housing – workshop in a few hills placed to three Nerja’s kilometres, in the province of Malaga.
Raised according to Rudofsky’s design (though as legal author there was appearing his friend Jose Antonio Coderch), The House, which has been defined as sensual and Spartan simultaneously, claims the values of the traditional architecture, of the economy of the local thing, a simple architecture of volumes and courts, with a strong landscape dimension in his implantation, which departs from the respect to the place in contrast with the aspirations transformadoras from the author’s architecture.
To Lisa Guerrero’s instance, who noticed of the danger of disappearance of The House, the Center Jose Guerrero and the MAK of Vienna (Applied Arts and Contemporary Art Museum) initiated in the year 2006 a campaign in defense of the Rudofsky’s only architectural construction in our country, which obtained, between others, the signature of more than hundred renowned architects, artists and writers of the whole world. Together with it, the labor undertaken by the Andalusian Institute of Heritage and the Headquarter of Cultural Goods for his putting in value it culminated in 2011 with the declaration of the building on the part of the Council of Culture of the Meeting of Andalusia as Good of Cultural Interest, acquiring this way the maximum protection as monument.
The Center Jose Guerrero and the Department of Education, Culture and Sports organize this international seminar, in which there intervene the most out-standing connoisseurs of his work, to analyze and to spread the universe rudofskiano. To him Jose Guerrero will follow in 2014 a monographic exhibition on his legacy in the headquarters of the Center.